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On Display at Clarkston: April 2021

A guide for the content of Georgia State Unierversity's Perimeter College Clarkston Library's bulletin board displays.

April 2021

Hayat Sindi

Diagnostics for All Inc.
Diagnostics for All
Diagnostics for All Inc.

iagnostics For All (DFA) is a non-profit enterprise fusing biotechnology and device development, dedicated to saving lives and improving health in the developing world. Our mission is to create low-cost, easy-to-use, point-of-care diagnostics designed specifically for the 60% of the developing world that lives beyond the reach of urban hospitals and medical infrastructure. Our simple and inexpensive devices require minimal training to use, practically no sample preparation, and no electricity or additional equipment to process a sample. Using our paper-based technology, we hope to harness the power of biotechnology to confront some of the grand challenges to health across the globe.

Sindi, Hayat
Hayat Sindi.

A series of videos in which Hayat Sindi discusses technology and entrepreneurship, mainly in English.
Eileen H. Kramer

Sindi, Hayat
i2 Institute.
i2 Institute

Our mission is to create an ecosystem of entrepreneurship and social innovation for scientists, technologists and engineers in the Middle East and beyond.We envision a world in which the only barrier to an innovator's success is the quality of his or her ideas.

Hayat Sindi

Gladys West

Air Force Space Command Public Affairs
"Mathematician inducted into Space and Missiles Pioneers Hall of Fame."
Air Force Space Command (Archived),
United States Air Force

Lt. Gen. David Thompson, Air Force Space Command vice commander, presented Dr. Gladys West with the Air Force Space and Missile Pioneers award for her decades of contributions to the Air Force’s space program. West was unable to attend the formal induction ceremony that took place August 28, where three others joined the elite list of professionals who have greatly impacted the Air Force space program.

Dyson, Cathy
"Gladys West's Work on GPS ' Would Impact the World."
Free Lance-Star [Fredricksburg, VA]

Gladys West was putting together a short bio about herself for a sorority function that recognized senior members of the group. She noted her 42-year career at the Navy base at Dahlgren and devoted one short-and-sweet line to the fact she was part of the team that developed the Global Positioning System in the 1950s and 1960s. Fellow Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority member Gwen James was blown away by the statement. The two had known each other for more than 15 years, and James had no idea that the soft-spoken and sharp-minded West played such a “pivotal role” in a technology that’s become a household word.

Kenney, Tanasia.
"Meet Gladys West, The Black Female Engineer Who Played a ‘Pivotal’ Role In Developing the GPS."
Atlanta Black Star
Atlanta Black Star, Atlanta

West, 87, enjoyed a 42-year career as a mathematician at the Naval Support Facility in Dahlgren, Va., where she, and fellow engineers saw the early beginnings of the popular tracking system. She was just one of four Black Americans employed at the Naval base when she first started in 1956, her calculations eventually leading to satellites.

Gladys West

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Chien-Shiung Wu

"Chien-Shiung Wu."
National Women's Hall of Fame.
National Women's Hall of Fame, Seneca Falls, NY

Dr. Chien-Shiung Wu, a pioneering physicist, radically altered modern physical theory and changed our accepted view of the structure of the universe... [She] is best known for her experiments on beta decay in 1957. For six months, Dr. Wu tested the theory presented by Drs. Tsung-Dao Lee and Chen Ning Yang, that parity – a theory that the laws of nature are not biased in any particular direction – was not conserved in certain types of nuclear reactions. Dr. Wu’s groundbreaking experiments proved Drs. Lee and Yang’s theory right; the longstanding belief that parity was conserved in weak subatomic interactions was shattered, altering the way in which scientists viewed the structure of the universe.

"Chien-Shiung Wu: Physicist, Columbia University: Born May 31 1912."
Atomic Heritage Foundation,
Atomic Heritage Foundation, Albuquerque,

In 1956, she was approached by theoretical physicists Tsung Dao Lee and Chen Ning Yang who knew about her expertise in beta decay. They asked her to devise an experiment to prove their theory that the law of conservation of parity did not hold true during beta decay. The law of parity states that all objects and their mirror images behave the same way, but with the left hand and right hand reversed. Wu's experiments, which utilized radioactive cobalt at near absolute zero temperatures, proved that identical nuclear particles do not always act alike. This resulted in Lee and Yang receiving the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics for their theory, but Wu's work was not acknowledged.

Nelson, Bob.
"Famed Physicist Chien-Shiung Wu Dies at 84."
Columbia University Record, New York, 21 Feb. 1997.

Deatiled biography/obituary with emphasis on Dr. Wu's experiments that disproved the law of conservation of parity.
Eileen H. Kramer

Chien Shiung Wu

Tu You-You

Tu, Youyou. From Artemisia annua L. to Artemisinins: The Discovery and Development of Artemisinins and Antimalarial Agents,
Elsevier Science & Technology, 2017.
Call # Ebook Central
The first book that systematically introduces the origin and development of artemisinine and artemisinine-based drugs. It includes four distinct sections, including Artemisia annua L., Artemisinin, Dihydroartemisinin, and other artemisinin derivatives. Tu Youyou, the chief inventor of artemisinin, together with other members from the research team, have written a book that will be a valuable reference work for both researchers involved in the medical industry and scholars who are interested in undertaking innovative research.
Ebook Central

"Tu Youyou"
Legends of the Globe: A Living Experience with Legends.

Tu Youyou (Chinese : ; pinyin: T Yuyu; born 30 December 1930) is a Chinese pharmaceutical chemist and malariologist. She discovered artemisinin (also known as qinghaosu ) and dihydroartemisinin, used to treat malaria, a breakthrough in twentieth-century tropical medicine, saving millions of lives in Source: South China, Southeast Asia, Africa, and South America.

Tu Youyou

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Books on Women of Science

Comfort, Nathaniel C. The Tangled Field: Barbara McClintock's Search for the Patterns of Genetic Control.
Harvard University Press, 2003.
Call # Ebook Central
This biographical study illuminates one of the most important yet misunderstood figures in the history of science. Barbara McClintock (1902-1992), a geneticist who integrated classical genetics with microscopic observations of the behavior of chromosomes, was regarded as a genius and as an unorthodox, nearly incomprehensible thinker. In 1946, she discovered mobile genetic elements, which she called "controlling elements." Thirty-seven years later, she won a Nobel Prize for this work, becoming the third woman to receive an unshared Nobel in science.
Ebook Central

Doudna, Jennifer A., and Samuel H. Sternberg. A Crack in Creation?: Gene Editing and the Unthinkable Power to Control Evolution.
Mariner, 2018.
Call # Atlanta QH440 .D68 2017
Two scientists explore the potential of a revolutionary genetics technology capable of easily and affordably manipulating DNA in human embryos to prevent specific diseases, addressing key concerns about related ethical and societal repercussions.

Friedewald, Boris, and Stephan von Pohl. A Butterfly Journey: Maria Sibylla Merian, Artist and Scientist.
Prestel, 2015.
Call # QH31.M4516 F7513 2015
The amazing story of the life and work of the renowned botanical artist Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717) is told alongside her beautiful illustrations of butterflies in this elegant book. A woman ahead of her time, she was an intrepid explorer, naturalist, scholar, as well as a magnificent artist. This book tells Merian's incredible life story alongside colorful reproductions of her engravings and watercolors of the butterflies she encountered during her lifetime in Germany and the Netherlands, and her seminal trip to the Dutch colony of Surinam.

Goodall, Jane. In the Shadow of Man. Rev. ed.
Houghton Mifflin, 1988.
Call # QL737.P96 G587 1988b
Goodall's classic account of primate behavior combines a landmark scientific study with a fascinating adventure story of a determined young woman's struggle in remote Africa to approach primates in the wild as no one had ever done before.

Isaacson, Walter. The Code Breaker: Jennifer Doudna, Gene Editing, and the Future of the Human Race.
Simon & Schuster 2021.
Call # Dunwoody Browsing
When Jennifer Doudna was in sixth grade, she came home one day to find that her dad had left a paperback titled The Double Helix on her bed. She put it aside, thinking it was one of those detective tales she loved. When she read it on a rainy Saturday, she discovered she was right, in a way. As she sped through the pages, she became enthralled by the intense drama behind the competition to discover the code of life. Even though her high school counselor told her girls didn’t become scientists, she decided she would.

Mitton, Jacqueline, and Simon Mitton. Vera Rubin: A Life.
Harvard University Press, 2021.
Call # Ebook Central
One of the great lingering mysteries of the universe is dark matter. Scientists are not sure what it is, but most believe it's out there, and in abundance. The astronomer who finally convinced many of them was Vera Rubin. When Rubin died in 2016, she was regarded as one of the most influential astronomers of her era. Her research on the rotation of spiral galaxies was groundbreaking, and her observations contributed significantly to the confirmation of dark matter, a most notable achievement.In Vera Rubin: A Life, prolific science writers Jacqueline Mitton and Simon Mitton provide a detailed, accessible overview of Rubin's work, showing how she leveraged immense curiosity, profound intelligence, and novel technologies to help transform our understanding of the cosmos.
Ebook Central

Newitz, Annalee, and Charlie. Anders. She's Such a Geek!? Women Write About Science, Technology & Other Nerdy Stuff.
Seal Press, 2006.
Call # Q130 .N49 2006
She's Such a Geek is a groundbreaking anthology that celebrates women who have flourished in the male-dominated realms of technical and cultural arcana. Editors Annalee Newitz and Charlie Anders bring together a diverse range of critical and personal essays about the meaning of female nerdhood by women who are in love with genomics, obsessed with blogging, learned about sex from Dungeons and Dragons, and aren't afraid to match wits with men or computers.

Redniss, Lauren., and Go Big Read. Radioactive: Marie & Pierre Curie, A Tale of Love & Fallout.
!t Books, 2011.
Call # QD22.C8 R395 2011
Presents the professional and private lives of Marie and Pierre Curie, examining their personal struggles, the advancements they made in the world of science, and the issue of radiation in the modern world.

Sheffield, Suzanne Le-May. Women and Science: Social Impact and Interaction,.
edited by Mark A. Largent,
ABC-CLIO, 2004.
Call # Ebook Central
A contemporary study of Western science's views on women from 1700 to the present and how the extraordinary accomplishments of women scientists helped change those views. It features biographies of some of the most accomplished women scientists in history. Ebook Central

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To see past Clarkston library displays, please visit the Display Archives.

Wonder Women of Science This display celebrates the women, technology and science stars of the Nevertheless podcast, and also those featured in a small selection of books and ebooks from the library's collection. It especially emphasizes women of color and those from the Global South.

Introducing Nevertheless

Garry Hugh et. al. editors
"Nevertheless Podcasts."
A podcast celebrating the women transforming teaching and learning through technology.

Nevertheless Podcasts.
"TEM Role Models Posters — In 7 Additional Languages."
Posters and explanations tell the stories of women in technology who were the subjects of roughly a dozen Nevertheless Podcast episodes.
Eileen H. Kramer


Cynthia Brezeal

Ashley, Carmen.
"Jibo, the Social Robot that was Supposed to Die, is Getting a Second Life."
The Verge,
Vox Media, New York.

Jibo was supposed to die over a year ago, yet somehow, it’s still alive...The news devastated owners and sent them spiraling into preemptive mourning...But now, they’re finding out that Jibo’s life has been prolonged. The robot they welcomed into their homes, loved, and cared for, is being given a second life by a new company that’s purchased all its rights and patents. In its next iteration, Jibo is a caregiver and educator, and it will be placed in businesses that require emotional connections, like children’s hospitals. It’s also no longer confined to its body, either — Jibo is going virtual.

Brezeal, Cynthia. Designing Sociable Robots,
A Bradford Book, 2002.
Call # EBSCOHost Academic eBook Collection
Cynthia Breazeal here presents her vision of the sociable robot of the future, a synthetic creature and not merely a sophisticated tool. A sociable robot will be able to understand us, to communicate and interact with us, to learn from us and grow with us. It will be socially intelligent in a humanlike way. Eventually sociable robots will assist us in our daily lives, as collaborators and companions.
EBSCOHost Academic eBook Collection

NTT Disruption
NTT Disruption Europe SLU

Jibo says "Yes I’m made up of wires, and processors, and hard plastic body segments, but I’ve also been designed and engineered to really connect with people. You might even think of me as a friend. A very robotic friend."

Cynthia Brezeal and JIBO

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Rachel Carson

Carson, Rachel Silent Spring, 25th anniversary ed.
Houghton Mifflin Co., 1987.
Call # QH545.P4 C38 1987
Carson's seminal and popular book that changed hearts and minds about the environment and led to the movement that encouraged the government to ban DDT and similar pesticides for all but emergency use.
Eileen H. Kramer

Lytle, Mark H. The Gentle Subversive: Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, and the Rise of the Environmental Movement.
Oxford University Press, 2007.
Call # QH31.C33 L98
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring antagonized some of the most powerful interests in the nation--including the farm block and the agricultural chemical industry--and helped launch the modern environmental movement. In The Gentle Subversive, Mark Hamilton Lytle offers a compact biography of Carson, illuminating the road that led to this vastly influential book.

Sideris, Lisa H., and Kathleen Dean. Moore. Rachel Carson: Legacy and Challenge.
State University of New York Press, 2008.
Call # QH31.C33 R33 2008
Long before Rachel Carson would become synonymous with environmental activism, she was a nature and science writer, penning The Sense of Wonder for children, and three books about the ocean and its inhabitants-including the bestselling The Sea around Us. Based solidly on science and written in beautiful prose, Carson's work issued a practical and moral challenge to her readers: Can we find a way to live on earth with care and respect?

Kalpana Chawla

Astronaut Bio: Kalpana Chawla.
NASA: Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston

Offers a terse and factual biography of the late astronaut, Kalpana Chawla, who perished in the Space Shuttle Columbia explosion in 2003.

Chien, Philip. Columbia, Final Voyage: the Last Flight of NASA's First Space Shuttle.
Copernicus Books, 2006.
Call # TL795.5 .C485 2006
The shuttle had broken apart and its crew had perished in a catastrophic, shocking accident. Columbia and its seven astronauts had suddenly become, in the global public eye, anything but routine." "But who were these seven astronauts? They were described as heroes and saints in their eulogies, but what were they really like? And what was the purpose of their mission?

Rizvi, Salim.
"Indo-US Astronaut Follows Kalpana's Footsteps."
BBC News,
BBC, London

Almost four years after the death of the first Indian-American astronaut Kalpana Chawla in the Columbia space shuttle disaster, Nasa has sent another woman of Indian origin into space.

Dijanna Figueroa

Blue Ocean Sciences: Scientific Collaboration for Health Ocean Solutions
Blue Ocean Sciences, Santa Barbara CA,
The primary goal of BOS is to create a team of scientists who can address the needs of the global community by conducting high-level research, sharing accurate scientific information, creating effective educational materials and media communications regarding the health of our oceans. Note: Dijamma Figueroa PhD is an oceanographer who serves on this organizations' Board of Driectors. and Eileen H. Kramer

Holloway, Lynette.
“Dijanna Figueroa.”
Ebony vol. 60, no. 7, May 2005, pp. 118–122.
Academic Search Complete.
Presents an interview with marine biologist Dijanna Figueroa regarding her career and her role in the movie "Aliens of the Deep." Impression of people on scientists; Experience in the depths of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; Significance of being a role model to young scientists.
Academic Search Complete

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Rosalind Franklin

Byers, Nina et. al.
"Rosalind Franklin 1928 – 1958."
Contribution of 20th Century Women to Physics.
UCLA Library, Los Angeles,_Rosalind@841234567.html
Rosalind Franklin made crucial contributions to the solution of the structure of DNA. She discovered the B form, recognized that two states of the DNA molecule existed and defined conditions for the transition. From early on, she realized that any correct model must have the phosphate groups on the outside of the molecule. She laid the basis for the quantitative study of the diffraction patterns, and after the formation of the Watson - Crick model she demonstrated that a double helix was consistent with the X-ray patterns of both the A and B forms.,_Rosalind@841234567.html

Glynn, Jennifer. My Sister Rosalind Franklin.
Oxford University Press, 2012.
Call # EBSCOHost eBook Collection
In this family memoir her sister, the writer and historian Jenifer Glynn, paints a full picture of Rosalind's life. Looking at Rosalind's background; her early education, her time as a science student at Cambridge, and her relations with her family, to her life as an adult and her time in Paris and at King's, Glynn shows how much her sister achieved and how she was influenced by the social and intellectual climate of the period she worked in.
EBSCOHost eBook Collection

Maddox, Brenda. Rosalind Franklin: the Dark Lady of DNA.
Harper Collins, 2003.
Call # QP26.F68 M33 2003
In 1962, Maurice Wilkins, Francis Crick, and James Watson received the Nobel Prize, but it was Rosalind Franklin's data and photographs of DNA that led to their discovery. Brenda Maddox tells a powerful story of a remarkably single-minded, forthright, and tempestuous young woman who, at the age of fifteen, decided she was going to be a scientist, but who was airbrushed out of the greatest scientific discovery of the twentieth century.

Grace Hopper

Beyer, Kurt. Grace Hopper and the Invention of the Information Age.
MIT Press, 2009.
Call # EBSCOHost eBook Collection
A Hollywood biopic about the life of computer pioneer Grace Murray Hopper (1906--1992) would go like this: a young professor abandons the ivy-covered walls of academia to serve her country in the Navy after Pearl Harbor and finds herself on the front lines of the computer revolution. She works hard to succeed in the all-male computer industry, is almost brought down by personal problems but survives them, and ends her career as a celebrated elder stateswoman of computing, a heroine to thousands, hailed as the inventor of computer programming.
EBSCOHost eBook Collection

Hopper, Grace, and Angeline Pantanges.
Oral History of Captain Grace Hopper,
Computer History Museum, MountainView CA, 1980
In this 1980 interview, Grace Murray Hopper describes her entry into computing and programming, when, as a Navy officer, she was assigned to work with Howard Aiken on the Mark series of computers and its coding... Her discussion is filled with the technological, industry, and human issues she considered critical: Small systems and distributed computing in place of giant general purpose systems. The full integration of computing into the organization; Teaching the young and encouraging them to use their unfettered imaginations and pursue new ideas; Common sense and communication; and the honed skill of writing and documentation.

Naval History and Heritage Command, Communication and Outrreach Division.
"Grace Hopper: Navy to the Core, a Pirate at Heart."
The Sextant: Taking a Fix on the History and Heritage of Today's US Navy, 9 December, 2014.
Feisty. Eccentric. Maverick. Brilliant. Precise. Grace Hopper embodied all of those descriptions and more, but perhaps what defined her as much as anything else was the pride she had in wearing the Navy uniform for 43 years.

Williams, Kathleen Broome. Grace Hopper: Admiral of the Cyber Sea.
Naval Institute Press, 2012.
Call # EBSCOHost Academic eBook Collection
When grace Hooper retired as a rear admiral from the U.S. Navy in 1986, she was the first woman restricted line officer to reach flag rank and, at the age of seventy-nine, the oldest serving officer in the Navy. A mathematician by training who became a computer scientist, the eccentric and outspoken Hoper helped propel the Navy into the computer age.
EBSCOHost Academic eBook Collection

Mae C. Jemison

100 Year Star Ship
100 Year Star Ship
We exist to make the capability of human travel beyond our solar system a reality within the next 100 years. We unreservedly dedicate ourselves to identifying and pushing the radical leaps in knowledge and technology needed to achieve interstellar flight, while pioneering and transforming breakthrough applications that enhance the quality of life for all on Earth. We actively seek to include the broadest swath of people and human experience in understanding, shaping and implementing this global aspiration. Taking up this task ignites not only our imagination, but the undeniable human need to push ourselves to accomplishments greater than any single individual.

Jemison, Mae C. the Future: Science, Engineering and Education.Commentary from the Scientific Grassroots. A White Paper onthe Issues and Need for Public Funding of Basic Science andEngineering Research.
Dow Chemical Corp. and National Science Foundation and ERIC
Discussed the future ofgovernment funding of basic science and engineering research in the UnitedStates. Representing a diverse spectrum of those affecting and affected byscience and engineering research, this grassroots group's findings andrecommendations for the best uses of public monies are reported here.

Weinberger, Sharon.

"Former Astronaut to Lead Starship Effort." BBC News
BBC, London.
The Pentagon's premiere research agency has chosen a former astronaut to lead a foundation that is designed to take humanity to the stars. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) and Nasa are sponsoring the project, known as the 100-Year Starship. Mae Jemison, the first African-American woman to go into space, was notified last week that she had won, according to a copy of a Darpa letter obtained by the BBC.

Mae C. Jemison

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Katherine Johnson

Malcolm, Shirley M.
"Katherine Johnson (1918 – 2020)."
vol. 368, issue 6491, p. 591, 8 May 2020,
The girl who loved to count became the woman whose aptitude and passion for mathematics helped propel the space ambitions of the United States. Katherine's story and those of other hidden figures have been embraced in popular culture and by those of us working to diversify science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. But there are other lessons to be learned: Her story demonstrates why we must work to provide excellent education and opportunities for all.

Shetterly, Margot Lee.
Hidden Figures: the American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race.
First edition, William Morrow, 2016.
Call #: QA27.5 .L44
Before John Glenn orbited the earth or Neil Armstrong walked on the moon, a group of dedicated female mathematicians known as 'human computers' used pencils, slide rules and adding machines to calculate the numbers that would launch rockets, and astronauts, into space. Among these problem-solvers were a group of exceptionally talented African American women, some of the brightest minds of their generation.

Shetterly, Margot Lee.
"Katherine Johnson (1918–2020): NASA Mathematician who Calculated Tajectories for Early Space Flights."
vol. 579, issue.7799, 12 March 2020, p.341.
A gifted mathematician who always followed her curiosity, Johnson became a powerful symbol of the often-unheralded contributions that women and minority ethnic groups have made to science, technology, mathematics and computing over the course of the twentieth century. Although her fascination with numbers was obvious from childhood — she recalled counting dishes, stars, steps, everything — the possibility of deploying her talent as a professional mathematician was anything but.

Ada Lovelace

Essinger, James. Ada's Algorithm: How Lord Byron's Daughter Ada Lovelace Launched the Digital Age.
Melville House, 2014.
Call # Atlanta QA29.L72 E86 2014
Over 150 years after her death, a widely-used scientific computer program was named “Ada,” after Ada Lovelace, the only legitimate daughter of the eighteenth century’s version of a rock star, Lord Byron. Why? Because, after computer pioneers such as Alan Turing began to rediscover her, it slowly became apparent that she had been a key but overlooked figure in the nvention of the computer.

Ada's Algorithm

Hammerman, Robin, and Andrew L. Russell. Ada's Legacy, First Edition.
Morgan & Claypool, 2016.
Call # Atlanta QA29.L72 H252 2016 .
Ada’s Legacy illustrates the depth and diversity of writers, thinkers, and makers who have been inspired by Ada Lovelace, the English mathematician and writer. The volume, which commemorates the bicentennial of Ada’s birth in December 1815, celebrates Lovelace’s many achievements as well as the impact of her life and work, which reverberated widely since the late nineteenth century.

Hurt, Avery Elizabeth. Ada Lovelace: Computer Programmer and Mathematician.
Cavendish Square Publishing LLC, 2017.
Call # Ebook Central
Born the daughter of well-established poet Lord Byron, Ada Lovelace would change history as one of the first modern female mathematicians and the programmer of Charles Babbage's Analytical Engine. This is the story of her life, her amazing achievements, her death, and her footprint on history.
Ebook Central

Maryam Mirzakhani

Adams, Amy.
"Colleagues, friends and family gather to remember Stanford Professor Maryam Mirzakhani."
Stanford News,
Palo Alto [CA], 23 October 2017.
That drive for excellence, rather than her mathematics itself, is how Vondrák said she should be remembered as a role model. He said girls from around the world would email Mirzakhani, asking how she had achieved what she did.

Myers, Andrew and Bjorn Carey
"Maryam Mirzakhani, Stanford Mathematician and Fields Medal Winner, Dies."
Stanford News,
Palo Alto [CA], 15 July 2017,
The quadrennial Fields Medal, which Mirzakhani won in 2014, is the most prestigious award in mathematics, often equated in stature with the Nobel Prize. Mirzakhani specialized in theoretical mathematics that read like a foreign language by those outside of mathematics: moduli spaces, Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, Ergodic theory and symplectic geometry. Mastering these approaches allowed Mirzakhani to pursue her fascination for describing the geometric and dynamic complexities of curved surfaces – spheres, doughnut shapes and even amoebas – in as great detail as possible.

Sigal, Samuel
"Why Iran Broke Its Strict Hijab Rules for the 'Queen of Math."
The Atlantic,
18 July 2017.
URL [Archived version to circumvent paywall.]
Discusses the politics of why assorted news outlets in Dr. Mirzakhani's native Iran published obituary of images of her without the head scarf or hijab.
Eileen H.Kramer

Webb, Jonathan.
"First Female Winner for Fields Maths Medal."
BBC News
BBC, London, 12 August 2014.
Offers a brief biography of Dr. Mirzakhani and a description in plain English of her work, with a useful and colorful illustation.
Eileen H. Kramer

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Maria Da Penha

"Maria da Penha Law: A Name that Changed Society." UN Women
UN Women
In May 1983, biopharmaceutist Maria da Penha Fernandes was fast asleep when her husband shot her, leaving her a paraplegic for life. Two weeks after her return from the hospital, he tried to electrocute her. The case da Penha filed languished in court for two decades, while Maria's husband remained free. Years later, in a landmark ruling, the Court of Human Rights criticized the Brazilian government for not taking effective measures to prosecute and convict perpetrators of domestic violence. In response to this, the Brazilian government in 2006 enacted a law under the symbolic name “Maria da Penha Law on Domestic and Family Violence.

Spieler, Paula.
“The Maria da Penha Case and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: Contributions to the Debate on Domestic Violence Against Women in Brazil.”
.” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies,
vol. 18, no. 1, Jan. 2011, pp. 121–143.
This article aims to demonstrate the contributions of the Maria da Penha case and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) Report of 2001 to the debate on domestic violence against women in Brazil, with special emphasis to the adoption of the Maria da Penha Law. The IACHR was the first international human rights organ to bring to light the problem. Beside contributing to internal changes, this case has great relevance as it was the first one of domestic violence analyzed by the Inter-American Commission. It revealed the systematic pattern of violence against women in the country.

Uchoa, Pablo.
"Maria da Penha: The woman who changed Brazil's domestic violence laws"
BBC News
BBC, London,
In September 2006, Brazil introduced ground-breaking legislation on domestic violence. It was called the Maria da Penha Law after a women's rights activist who was left paraplegic by her violent husband. Here, she tells her remarkable story.

Maria da Penha

Mary G. Ross

Mary G. Ross
National Park Service, Washington.
Mary G. Ross was the first Native American, female engineer, and a member of Lockeed's famous Skunkworks, an experimental aviation lab. She devoted her later life to encouraging Native American particpation in science, and is commemorated by a one dollar coin.
Eileen H. Kramer

Mary G. Ross: Appearnce on What's My Line
Watch clueless 1950's celebrities, who are dressed to the nines, finally guess Mary G. Ross' profession by asking yes or no questions. Ms. Ross' appearance is in the first half of the video
Eileen H. Kramer

Mary G. Ross on What's My Line

Williams, Jasmin K. and Amsterdam News Staff.
"Mary Golda Ross: The First Native American Female Engineer"
Amsterdam News [New York]
21 March 2013, Classroom, p.28
A smooth-reading biography of the first Native American woman engineer, with emphasis on her early life and education.
Eileen H. Kramer

Juliana Rotich

Around 800 million people in Africa don’t have access to the internet. BRCK wants to change that by connecting people and things; getting individuals and businesses online and helping them fully utilize that access.

Juliana Rotich: Tech entrepreneur
TED Conferences
nonprofit tech company, born in Africa, that develops free and open-source software for information collection, interactive mapping and data curation. Ushahidi builds tools for democratizing information, increasing transparency and lowering the barriers for individuals to share their stories. Through, and accompanying mobile applications, Ushahidi is making crowdsourcing tools available and useful. Their latest product is BRCK, a tool for resilient connectivity – anywhere.

Violence has erupted in Kenya following the election. Millions of Kenyans have no way of understanding what is happening on the ground and how to stay safe. A local blogger An analysis writes, "Any techies out there willing to do a mashup of where the violence and destruction is occurring and put it on a map?" Within days, four technologists build a web-based platform to crowdsource first-hand reports from citizens via SMS and the web. These reports were then geolocated and timestamped, triggering service was also more effective alerts back to the people on the ground and citizens watching from around the world. They now had a way to understand what was happening where and how to stay safe. Over 40,000 reports were submitted, verified, and triaged. They called it Ushahidi.


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