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*Tips for Searching: Mining References: Modern Language Association (MLA)

What am I Looking At?

 

I found a relevant reference - now what is it, and how do I find it? 

This page has:

  • The basic format and specific examples of references for a journal article, book, book chapter, or newspaper or magazine article,
  • Links to steps re: how to find the article or book/chapter, and
  • Links to print or online versions of the specific citation style guides.

Modern Language Association (MLA) Style - Journal Article

BASIC FORMAT

Author Last Name, First Name, and additional Authors First Name Last Name. "Title of Article with Title Caps and Quotes." Journal Title Volume.Issue (Publication Year): pages. Medium of publication.

EXAMPLE

Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 15.1 (1996): 41-50. Print.

How do I get the article?

MLA - Book

BASIC FORMAT

Author Last Name, First Name, and addtional authors First Name Last Name. Title of Book. Publication location: Publisher, Publication Year. Medium of Publication.

EXAMPLE - SINGLE-AUTHORED BOOK

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.

EXAMPLE - EDITED VOLUME

Hill, Charles A., and Marguerite Helmers, eds. Defining Visual Rhetorics. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004. Print.

How do I get the book?

MLA - Book Chapter

BASIC FORMAT

Author Last Name, First Name, and additional Authors First Name Last Name. "Title of Essay with Title Caps." Title of Collection. Ed. Editor's Name(s). Publication location: Publisher, Year. Page range of entry. Medium of Publication.

EXAMPLE

Harris, Muriel. "Talk to Me: Engaging Reluctant Writers." A Tutor's Guide: Helping Writers One to One. Ed. Ben Rafoth. Portsmouth: Heinemann, 2000. 24-34. Print.

How do I get the book chapter?

MLA - Newspaper or Magazine Article

BASIC FORMAT

Author Last Name, First Name, and additional Authors First Name Last Name. "Title of Article with Title Caps and Quotes." Magazine/Newspaper Title Publication Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.

EXAMPLE - MAGAZINE

Poniewozik, James. "TV Makes a Too-Close Call." Time 20 Nov. 2000: 70-71. Print.

EXAMPLE - NEWSPAPER

Krugman, Andrew. "Fear of Eating." New York Times 21 May 2007 late ed.: A1. Print.

Credit:

All examples on this page are from the OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab.

Society for American Archaeology Style Guide