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HON 3260: Underrepresented Groups in Science: Discrimination &
Implicit Bias


Stoll, M. (2012). The personal attacks on Rachel Carson as a woman scientist. Environment & Society Portal. Retrieved from

Moss-Racusin, C. A., Dovidio, J. F., Brescoll, V. L., Graham, M. J., & Handelsman, J. (2012). Science faculty’s subtle gender biases favor male students. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(41), 16474-16479. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1211286109 ("THE YALE STUDY")

Sheltzer, J. M., & Smith, J. C. (2014). Elite male faculty in the life sciences employ fewer womenProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Advanced online publication. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1403334111

Raymond, J. (2013). Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature, 495, 33-34. doi:10.1038/495033a

Morgan, L. A. (2000). Is engineering hostile to women? An analysis of data from the 1993 National Survey of College Graduates. American Sociological Review 65(2), 316–21.

Puritty, C., Strickland, L. R., Alia, E., Blonder, B., Klein, E., Kohl, M. T., & ... Gerber, L. R. (2017). Without inclusion, diversity initiatives may not be enough: Focus on minority experiences in STEM, not just numbersScience, 357(6356), 1101-1102. doi:10.1126/science.aai9054

The article discusses the racial discrimination and microaggressions shown towards underrepresented minority (URM) groups in the departments of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) and highlights the lack of representation of URM students in the field of science.

Clancy, K. H., Lee, K. N., Rodgers, E. M., & Richey, C. (2017). Double jeopardy in astronomy and planetary science; women of color face greater risks of gendered and racial harassment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 122(7), 1610-1623. doi:10.1002/2017JE005256

Dee, T., & Gershenson, S. (2017). Unconscious bias in the classroom: Evidence and opportunities, 2017. Stanford Center for Educational Policy Analysis.

Cook, M. (2017). Implicit bias in academic medicine: #WhatADoctorLooksLike. JAMA, 177(5), 657-658.

Boatright, D., Ross, D., O'Connor, P., Moore, E., & Nunez-Smith, M. (2017). Racial disparities in medical student membership in the Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society. JAMA Internal Medicine, 177(5), 659-665. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.9623

Murray, T. A. (2015). Culture and climate: Factors that influence the academic success of African American students in prelicensure nursing education. Journal of Nursing Education, 54(12), 704-707.

Schulte, B. (Feb 6, 2015). Black and Latina women scientists sometimes mistaken for janitors. Washington: WP Company LLC d/b/a The Washington Post.


A short, but telling, documentary about science and gender equality.


Science and Gender: Evelyn Fox Keller
When in the 1950s Evelyn Fox Keller ventured forth to become a scientist, she discovered it was a man’s world. Training as a theoretical physicist and working in both mathematical biology and the history of science, she wondered why most scientists were men and why the language of science reflected masculine metaphors and values. Keller has grappled with the meaning and consequences of these stereotypes ever since. In this program with Bill Moyers, Keller discusses how gender plays a significant role in the language that scientists use to describe their work. (30 minutes)


Technology: A Male-Dominated Field
There are few minorities in the world of computer technology and even fewer women. Girls that have always excelled in math and science tend to fall back from those fields in teen years. (4:30)


Fighting Gender Stereotypes
In computer labs children will often fall into gender-specific roles that are not prescribed by the teacher, and without teacher intervention they will perpetuate stereotypical male dominance. (03:50)


Gender Bias in the Classroom
Computer science teachers study the problem of gender bias in the classroom and discover the subtle ways in which boys are encouraged more than girls, and girls are often ignored. (03:05)