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PHPB Health Policy & Behavioral Sciences: Community Health Assessments

A community health assessment (CHA), also known as community health needs assessment (CHNA), refers to a state, tribal, local, or territorial health assessment that identifies key health needs and issues through systematic, comprehensive data collection and analysis. CHAs use these principles:

  • Multisector collaborations that support shared ownership of all phases of community health improvement, including assessment, planning, investment, implementation, and evaluation
     
  • Proactive, broad, and diverse community engagement to improve results
     
  • A definition of community that encompasses both a significant enough area to allow for population-wide interventions and measurable results, and includes a targeted focus to address disparities among subpopulations
  • Maximum transparency to improve community engagement and accountability
     
  • Use of evidence-based interventions and encouragement of innovative practices with thorough evaluation
     
  • Evaluation to inform a continuous improvement process
     
  • Use of the highest quality data pooled from, and shared among, diverse public and private sources

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