Historians use primary sources to study past events.
(image from http://www.wordle.net/)
Primary sources are the raw materials of historical research - they are the documents or artifacts closest to the topic of investigation. Often they are created during the time period which is being studied (correspondence, diaries, newspapers, government documents, art) but they can also be produced later by eyewitnesses or participants (memoirs, oral histories). You may find primary sources in their original format (usually in an archive) or reproduced in a variety of ways: books, microfilm, digital, etc.
Secondary sources are interpretations of events written after an examination of primary sources and usually other secondary sources, such as books and journal articles.
When you write a research paper, you are creating a secondary source!
Pretend you are a historian researching children's toys in the 1990s.
Follow the links below and consider whether each is a primary or secondary source.
If you're into primary sources, check out these guides!
This film presents a short primary source analysis activity that includes observation, reflection and questioning.