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AI Chatbots Basics for Faculty: Citing AI

This guide includes resources for learning about and using AI Chatbots in classroom and research settings.

Citing AI

We've included information about the three most used citation styles. If your preferred style isn't featured, try a web search for [name of your preferred style] AI citation.

APA Citation Style

How to cite AI in APA Style


OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].

  • Parenthetical citation: (OpenAI, 2023)
  • Narrative citation: OpenAI (2023)


  • provide your prompt in the text of your paper
  • treat the AI tool as an author
  • consider putting the full-text of AI output in an appendix to your paper


  • Author (creator of AI tool)
  • Date (year of the version you used)
  • Title (name of AI tool)
  • Version (in paratheses)
  • Description of tool (in brackets)
  • Source (URL)



MLA Citation Style

How to Cite AI in MLA Style


“Describe the symbolism of the green light in the book The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald” prompt. ChatGPT, 13 Feb. version, OpenAI, 8 Mar. 2023,


  • treat the AI tool as an author


  • include your prompt in the citation


  • Title of source (what was generated by the AI tool)
  • Title of container (name of AI tool)
  • Version of AI (be as specific as possible, e.g. ChatGPT 3.5
  • Publisher (company that made the tool)
  • Date content was created
  • Location (general URL for the tool)

Chicago Citation Style

How to cite AI in Chicago Style

Example of numbered footnote/endnote:

1. Text generated by ChatGPT, OpenAI, March 7, 2023,

Example of footnote/endnote with prompt:

1. ChatGPT, response to “Explain how to make pizza dough from common household ingredients,” OpenAI, March 7, 2023.

When you edit AI generated text, say so in your text or at the end of your footnote/endnote.


  • credit AI tool in your own work (i.e. This recipe was generated by ChatGPT)
  • use a footnote or endnote if you need to include a full citation


  • cite AI in your bibliography/works cited