Citing your sources is an important part of the scholarly writing process. Citations include the key elements that allow your sources to be identified and located - author, title, date, etc. The actual format of the citation depends on the resource type as well as the documentation style you are using.
There are several reasons to cite:
Historians generally use the Chicago Manual of Style or its derivative, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (commonly known as Turabian, after its author). Though not identical, the two styles are very similar.
Always check with your instructor to find out which citation style they want you to use.
Hard copies of the Chicago Manual of Style are also available at the Research Support Desk on Library North 1.
The basic components of a reference are, in this general order:
Creative Commons licensed image by Flickr user Holger Zscheyge
The specific format of your citations will depend upon the documentation style you are using. Different disciplines use different styles - check with your professor if you are unsure of which one to use.
Commonly used styles include APA, MLA, Chicago, and Turabian. Each of these has an official style guide. These manuals contain detailed examples on citing a wide variety of sources. In addition, they contain information about proper formating such as margin and font size.
For most styles, you cite your sources in two places:
1) Within your paper - Immediately after using a source, include a parenthetical citation, footnote or endnote.
2) At the end of your paper - Assemble a complete list of your sources. This is knows as a "Bibliography," "Reference List" or "Works Cited" section.
Use software to manage your sources - download citations from library databases; export the bibliography into your paper.
EndNote is a free download for GSU students, faculty and staff.