Citing your sources is an important part of the scholarly writing process. Citations include the key elements that allow your sources to be identified and located - author, title, date, etc. The actual format of the citation depends on the resource type as well as the documentation style you are using.
There are several reasons to cite:
Historians generally use the Chicago Manual of Style or its derivative, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (commonly known as Turabian, after its author). Though not identical, the two styles are very similar.
Always check with your instructor to find out which citation style they want you to use.
The Chicago/Turabian style offers two systems:
Copies of these manuals are also available at the Research Support Desk on Library North 2.
Marius notes that "history and writing are inseparable."3
3. Richard Marius. A Short Guide to Writing about History, 3rd ed. (New York: Longman, 1999), 5.
9. Marius, 105.
Marius, Richard. A Short Guide to Writing about History, 3rd ed. New York: Longman, 1999.
|Note format||Bibliography format|
|Book (one author)
||Jenny L. Presnell. The Information-Literate Historian: A Guide to Research for History Students (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), 98.
||Presnell, Jenny L. The Information-Literate Historian: A Guide to Research for History Students. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.|
|Article in a print journal||Jonathan Dewald, "Crisis, Chronology, and the Shape of European Social History," American Historical Review 113 no. 4 (October 2008): 1037.
||Dewald, Jonathan. "Crisis, Chronology, and the Shape of European Social History." American Historical Review 113 no. 4 (October 2008): 1031-1052.
|Article online||Emily Chao, "Dangerous Work: Women in Traffic," Modern China 28 no. 4 (October 2002): 73, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3181348 (accessed June 14, 2008).
||Chao, Emily. "Dangerous Work: Women in Traffic." Modern China 28 no. 4 (October 2002): 71-107. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3181348 (accessed June 14, 2008).
Be aware of small differences across similar formats. For example:
Chicago Manual of Style Online - the Quick Guide is very useful for getting started.
Chicago: In-Text Citations (Notes and Bibliography System): University of North Carolina Library
The OWL: Chicago Manual of Style: Purdue University
Turabian Quick Guide: University of Chicago Press
Chicago/Turabian Documentation: University of Wisconsin - Madison Writing Center
Turabian Citation Guide: Ohio State University
Use software to manage your sources - download citations from library databases; export the bibliography into your paper.
EndNote is a free download for GSU students, faculty and staff.
Zotero was developed by historians to support historical and related research. It is a free Firefox plugin.