Research topics can be developed by:
In order to identify a research topic the scholar will have to first broadly understand the idea or phenomenon. What is the idea about, what has already been written about it? Or the reverse, how can the scholar confirm that nothing has been written on the topic?
As you explore your idea, the literature review begins to develop...
The Scientific Method is not one single thing. It refers to the ideas, rules, techniques, and approaches that the scientific community uses.
From p. 9 of:
Why a literature review? You are trying to determine what evidence exists on your research idea.
A literature review is a component of the research process in which the author summarizes or synthesizes the ideas and arguments made by scholars. In the social sciences a literature review can be organized in a number of ways including by topic, chronological, or by methodology . The more focused your research topic the more straightforward the literature review will be.
Remember that the literature review (a.k.a. the lit. review) is, in essence, a paper in and of itself. It has an introduction; a body and a conclusion. It is NOT an annotated bibliography.
Caution: Make sure that the choices you make in writing a literature review reflect the requirements of your assignment. Be sure to consult with your Professor.
Before you use a resource in your paper, you need to determine if it is credible. There are many approaches but this is one I find easy to remember:
C - Currency: When was the page created? Or when was the article or book published ? If it is a website, are the links still active? Given your topic, how recent do your resouces have to be?
A – Authority: Who is the author? What are the author's credentials? If it is a website, what is the domain name for the site? (e.g. .edu; .org) If it is in print, is it from a reputable publisher?
B – Bias: What is the purpose of the resource? Is there a position/opinion presented? If it is a website, what types of sites are being linked to? Are they random or well-known sites? If it is a print resource, who are the advertisers?
L – Level: Do you feel comfortable using this site for a college-level assignment? Is the site popular or intended for specialists?
E – Exploration: Verify the information in other sources. You are reading a lot on your topic, and soon you will be able to identify certain universal ideas and trends in your area. Match what you have learned against the resources you are considering - does it jive?
! - Is the resouce available in time for it to be properly read and incorporated into your paper?