"Amnesty International (AI) is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights….In pursuit of this vision, AI’s mission is to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and expression, and freedom from discrimination, within the context of its work to promote all human rights."
Bystanders to Genocide
An article from the September 2001 Atlantic describing the United States' and other countries' response to genocide in Rwanda. "The author's exclusive interviews with scores of the participants in the decision-making, together with her analysis of newly declassified documents, yield a chilling narrative of self-serving caution and flaccid will—and countless missed opportunities to mitigate a colossal crime."
Committee on Conscience
"It has been said that 'conscience whispers while interest screams aloud.' In a world where the clamor of interests often prevails, the Committee seeks to amplify the voice of conscience. When the President’s Commission on the Holocaust recommended the creation of a living memorial to the victims of the Holocaust, it observed that no issue 'was as perplexing or as urgent as the need to insure that such a totally inhuman assault as the Holocaust – or any partial version thereof – never recurs.' To address that need, the President’s Commission recommended creation of a Committee on Conscience, which the United States Holocaust Memorial Council unanimously approved shortly after the Museum opened."
Doctors Without Borders/Médicins Sans Frontièrs
"Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is an independent international medical humanitarian organization that delivers emergency aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, natural or man-made disasters, or exclusion from health care in more than 70 countries."
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
"In the direct aftermath of the Genocide in Rwanda and during the subsequent 20 years, the ICTR has been at the forefront of the global fight against impunity, prosecuting those considered most responsible for the gravest crimes committed in 1994. As the Tribunal approaches the end of its mandate, its legacy lays the foundation for a new era in international criminal justice."
War Crimes, Genocide, & Crimes Against Humanity
"War Crimes, Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity is a multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed scholarly journal dedicated to understanding the conceptualization, etiology, and prevention of violations of international criminal and humanitarian law. The journal is published in both online and print formats." Note: there is only one issue of the journal on the web site so far.
Yale Genocide Studies Program
"The Genocide Studies Program at Yale University's MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies conducts research, seminars and conferences on comparative, interdisciplinary, and policy issues relating to the phenomenon of genocide, and has provided training to researchers from afflicted regions, including Cambodia, Rwanda, and East Timor. The GSP also maintains research projects on those catastrophes, on the Nazi Holocaust, the genocide in Bosnia, and on colonial and indigenous genocides."
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Genocide is defined as: "the deliberate extermination of a people or nation." This display covers genocide perpetrated by: Germany, Guatamala, Japan, Rwanda, Sudan, Turkey, and the United States.
Deng, Benson. They Poured Fire on Us from the Sky: The True Story of Three Lost
Boys from Sudan New York : Public Affairs, 2005.
"Raised by Sudan's Dinka tribe, the Deng brothers and their cousin Benjamin were all under the age of seven when they left their homes after terrifying attacks on their villages during the Sudanese civil war….Well written, often poetic essays by Benson, Alepho and Benjamin, who are now San Diego residents in their mid-20s, are arranged in alternating chapters and recall their childhood experiences, their treacherous trek and their education in the camp." DT157.63 .D46 2005
Source: Evans, Joni and William Morris. "They Poured Fire on Us from the Sky: The True Story of Three Lost Boys from Sudan." Publisher's Weekly 252(15) p40-41 April 11, 2005.
Dunai, Eleanor C. Surviving in Silence: A Deaf Boy in the Holocaust: The Harry
I. Dunai Story, WashingtonL Gallaudet University Press, 2002.
"Surviving in Silence is one of the few published memoirs of a deaf Jewish Holocaust survivor, and perhaps the first by a major press in any language. As such, it makes a significant contribution to Deaf History and Holocaust History." DS135.H93 D863 2002
Source: Galludet Press.
Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich in Power, 1933-1939. New York: Penguin Press, 2005.
"…The second part of a three-volume history of Nazi Germany, covers the period from the Nazi seizure of power, in 1933, to the start of the Second World War, in 1939….Evans, a Cambridge historian, assesses the corrosive effects on German society of the Nazis' network of surveillance and intimidation, the extent to which the Nazis effected a social revolution, the Catholic and Confessing Churches' equivocal but nonetheless meaningful opposition to the Nazis, the degree of popular support for the regime, the usefulness and limits of viewing Nazism as a 'political religion,' and Germany's anti-Jewish policies in comparison with those of other states in Eastern and Central Europe in the 1930s." DD256.5 .E924 2005
Source: Schwarz, Benjamin. "War Without End." Atlantic 296(4) p49-50 Nov2005.
Gilbert, Martin. Kristallnacht: Prelude to Destruction. New York: HarperCollins, 2006.
"...Through the accounts of dozens of eyewitnesses, Gilbert tells the story of the night of November 10, 1938, when people all over Germany and Austria ransacked and burned Jewish-owned shops and synagogues. The author takes readers from the Night of Broken Glass through the degradation of the Jews, missed escapes, kindertransports, concentration camps, and, finally, to genocide." DS135.G3315 G55 2006
Source: Bell, Ellen. "Kristallnacht: Prelude to Destruction." School Library Journal 52(10) p190 October 2006.
Hatzfeld, Jean. Machete Season: The Killers in Rwanda Speak. New York : Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005.
"French journalist, Hatzfield, the author of several books on war atrocities, offers a close-up look at the thoughts, motivations, and regrets of 10 of the Hutu killers, who participated in the slaughter of their Tutsi neighbors." DT450.435 .H3914 2005
Source: Bush, Vanessa. "Machete Season: The Killers in Rwanda Speak (Book)." Booklist 101(18) p1632 May 15, 2005.
Hinton, Alexander Laban. Genocide: An Anthropological Reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002.
"Overall this reader is an enterprising attempt to begin the process of establishing a new direction for genocide studies, in the quest for greater comprehension of why it happens, and how it is to be addressed at the ground level." HV6322.7 G43 2002
Source: Bartrop, Paul R. "Book Reviews." Journal of Genocide Studies 6 p269-271, 2004.
Johnson, Eric A. What We Knew: Terror, Mass Murder and
Everyday Life in Nazi Germany: An Oral History. Cambridge, MA: Basic Books, 2005.
"…This is a genuinely fascinating book, a work of collaboration between an American historian and a German sociologist. It includes excerpts from interviews conducted with some 3,000 Germans and 500 German Jews; the data is extended by reference to public opinion data generated by the West German Allensbach Institute in the 1970s. The book sets out to tell us what can be learned from oral history interviews about everyday life in Germany during the Third Reich." DD256.5 .J64 2005
Source: Culbert, David. "What We Knew." History Today 55(5) p79-80 May 2005.
Linn, Ruth. Escaping Auschwitz: A Culture of Forgetting. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004.
"Ruth Linn, the dean of education faculty at Haifa University, has produced a slim but provocative volume concerning Holocaust historiography, Israeli politics and culture, and the generalized problem of morality under extreme conditions." D804.3 .L57 2004
Source: Epstein, Donald. "Escaping Auschwitz: A Culture of Forgetting." History, Reviews of New Books 33(2) p72-73 2005.
Maguire, Peter H. Facing Death in Cambodia. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.
"Since 1994, Maguire (Law and War) has studied the Khmer Rouge and the 1975- 79 history of Cambodia's killing fields in light of potential war crimes trials. What emerges here is a combination of narrative history and first-person journalistic description of Cambodia today as represented by its survivors, both Khmer Rouge and Cambodian civilians. This story springs from individual photographs taken of Cambodians incarcerated in S-21 Prison just prior to their execution. Maguire's interviews with the few prison survivors and the prison's staff are fascinating in their treatment of death and accountability." DS554.8 .M34 2005
Source: Riddick, John F. "Facing Death in Cambodia." Library Journal 130(5) p96 March 15, 2005.
Mann, Michael. The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing. New York: Cambridge University
"Ethnic cleansing is typically seen as the work of primitive evildoers operating outside of modernity. In this important and provocative book, the distinguished sociologist Mann argues that murderous ethnic cleansing is in fact an ugly facet of our modern democratic age - that 'it belongs to our own civilization and to us.'" HV6322 .M36 2005
Source: Ikenberry, G. John. "The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing (Book)." Foreign Affairs 83(6) p142-142 Nov/Dec 2004.
Meyer, Gabriel. War and Faith in Sudan. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2005.
"…journalist Gabriel Meyer presents a refereshing if still painful snapshot of one people and region in Sudan…Mr. Meyer makes it easy, even compelling, by concentrating on the people of the Nuba Mountains and then zooming in on a Sudanese Air Fore bombing run that flattened a school and scores of children." DT450.435 R839 2004
Source: Ringwald, Christopher D. "Understanding the History of the Nuba People." National Catholic Reporter 42(19) p17 March 10, 2006.
Morgan, Michael L. Beyond Auschwitz: Post-Holocaust Jewish Thought in America. New York: Oxford University
"Jewish thought has been in a state of crisis ever since the night of the Holocaust descended upon the world. Sorting through the crisis is a daunting task, but it is one that Michael L. Morgan has admirably pursued in his book Beyond Auschwitz: Post-olocaust Jewish Thought in America. In this book Morgan does an excellent job of summarizing and, to some extent, critiquing the thought of five key post-Holocaust Jewish thinkers: Richard Rubenstein, Eliezer Berkovits, Irving Greenberg, Arthur Cohen, and Emil Fackenheim." D804.3 .M657 2001
Source: Patterson, David. "Beyond Auschwitz: Post-Holocaust Jewish Thought in America." Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies 21(3) p183-185 Spring 2003.
Mulisch, Harry. Criminal Case 40/61, the Trial of Adolf Eichmann: An Eyewitness Account.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.
"Mulisch makes an attempt to understand and expose the enigma that is Adolf Eichmann. His chronological and often philosophical account takes him from the trial in Israel to Berlin and Poland in search of the impetus behind Eichmann's motives." DD247.E5 M813 2005
Source: Bagshaw, Maria. "Criminal Case 40/61, the Trial of Adolf Eichmann: An Eyewitness Account." Library Journal 130(10) p146-148 June 1, 2005.
Ngor, Haing. Survival in the Killing Fields. New York: Carroll & Graf,1987.
"Released in 1987 as A Cambodian Odyssey, Ngor's work addresses the horrific existence under Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge and the atrocities committed against the people of Cambodia. A disturbing but important book." DS554.83.H35 A3 2003
Source: "Survival in the Kiling Fields (Book)." Library Journal 129(5) p91 September 15, 2004.
Nicholas, Lynn H. Cruel World: The Children of Europe in the Nazi Web.
New York: A.A. Knopf 2005.
Examines the devastating influence of Nazism on the lives of the children of Europe, who were confronted with euthanasia, racist education, eugenics, forced relocation, homelessness, poverty, trauma, and starvation. D810.C4 N53 2005
Niemeyer, Lucian. Africa: The Holocausts of Rwanda and Sudan.
Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2006.
"In 1994, internationally known author and photographer Lucian Niemeyer began a series of journeys to Africa to document and expose atrocities being committed there. Niemeyer traveled to the Rwandan refugee camps in Zaire a few months after the terrible Hutu-on-Tutsi genocide. Subsequent trips to the Sudan were made to document slavery, the oil field genocide, and the Nuba Mountain epoch." DT450.435 .N54 2006
Prunier, Gerard. Darfur: The Ambiguous Genocide. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005.
"To be properly understood, Gerard Prunier argues, the Darfur crisis needs to be situated within the broader framework of colonial and postcolonial Sudanese politics and, to a lesser extent, regional geopolitics, including the Chado-Libyan conflict. As an expert on East Africa, the author is very qualified to undertake such a task. He strives painstakingly to disentangle the interplay of power beween different local, national, and regional players to show how their ambitions, strategies, and actions intersect to shape the dynamics of Sudanese politics, including the Darfur crisis." DT159.6.D27 P78 2005
Source: Kane, Ousmane. "Darfur: The Ambiguous Genocide." Political Science Quarterly 21(2) p322-323 Summer 2006.
Ritner, Carol, John K. Roth, and Wendy Whitworth. Genocide in
Rwanda: Complicity of the Churches? St. Paul, MN: Paragon House, 2004.
"Genocide in Rwanda: Complicity of the Churches provides a variety of perspectives through which to assess the complex questions and issues surrounding the topic, and, even raise some new questions that could provide some new insight into this historical event. Contributors have tried to face as carefully, sensitively, and honestly as possible some of the questions about the Church and 1994 genocide in Rwanda many have been asking in the media, and in other places as well." DT450.435 .G474 2004
Source: Paragon House.
Rusesabagina, Paul. An Ordinary Man: An Autobiography. New York: Viking, 2006.
The author describes how he utilized his position as a hotel manager in violence-stricken Rwanda to offer shelter to more than twelve thousand members of the Tutsi clan and Hutu moderates, an act that inspired an Academy Award-nominated film. DT450.443.R87 A3 2006
Sander, Gordon F. The Frank Family that Survived: A Twentieth-Century Odyssey. London: Hutchinson, 2004.
"This story is about a German Jewish family that fled to the Netherlands for safety, that went into hiding when the deportations began and which, unlike Anne Frank's family, survived the war." DS135.N6 F73558 2004
Source: "The Frank Family that Survived: A Twentieth-Century Odyssey. " Contemporary Review 286(1669) p124 February 2005.
Sarhandi, Daoud. Evil Doesn’t Live Here: Posters from the Bosnian War. New York: Princeton
Architectural Press, 2001.
"Much like the history of the Balkan Peninsula, this collection of poster art from the Bosnian war arouses an array of emotions and opinions: its treatment of the region's diversities is somewhat contradictory, and its attempt to communicate the ultimate truth behind the hatred that has consumed the region for so long is admirable but also cursory….the posters, ranging from pure political propaganda to the desperate outbursts of innocent civilians, thankfully speak for themselves--even when not written in English or in Latin script--and the accompanying captions, although brief, supply relevant background information." DR1313.3 .S27 2001
Source: Roncevic, Mirela. "Evil Doesn't Live Here." Library Journal 127(12) p75 July 15, 2002.
Shephard, Ben. After Daybreak: The Liberation of Bergen-Belsen, 1945. New York: Schocken, 2005.
"In April 1945, British troops arrived at the Bergen-Belsen camp in Germany. They found 60,000 surviving inmates, most a few days from death. Jews, Poles, Russians, Hungarians, French, Germans, Gypsies, and some criminals were all penned separately and given little food and no medical attention. Typhus, typhoid fever, and starvation had killed perhaps 18,000 in the previous month, and the bodies lay in heaps, unburied. Bergen-Belsen, officially termed a detention camp, was not intended as an extermination site like Auschwitz. But neglect, mismanagement, deliberate mistreatment, and the Allied bombing combined to create yet another horrendous humanitarian disaster. Shephard (A War of Nerves), who was responsible for the television documentary The World at War, carefully details the British rescue effort (exploring the medical and political aspects that complicated the situation) and asks why 14,000 prisoners died after liberation." D805.5.B47 S54 2005
Source: Burgess, Edwin. "After Daybreak: The Liberation of Bergen-Belsen." Library Journal 130(18) p98 November 1, 2005.
Smith, Lyn. Remembering: Voices of the Holocaust: A New History in the
Words of the Men and Women Who Survived. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2006.
Contains a selection of transcripts taken from the sound archives of Britain’s Imperial War Museum and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Interviews of Holocaust survivors, refugees, families of the murdered and of survivors, aid workers and troops who liberated the camps are included. D804.3 S5955 2006
Steinbacher, Sybille. Auschwitz: A History. New York: ECCO, 2005.
"In this concise account of the Auschwitz death camps, German historian Steinbacher (history, Ruhr Univ.) offers a stark examination of the assembly-line extermination of 1.4 million Europeans. She follows the evolution of Auschwitz from a sleepy Polish village named Oswiecim into a complex network of prison camps and factories that marked the fulfillment of two basic tenets of the Nazi ideology: lebensraum (living space) and ethnic cleansing." D805.5.A96 S73713 2005
Source: Doyle, Jim. "Auschwitz: A History." Library Journal 130(13) p103 August 15, 2005.
Temple-Raston, Dina. Justice on the Grass: Three Rwandan Journalists, Their Trial for War
Crimes, and a Nation’s Quest for Redemption. New York: Free Press, 2005.
"In her new book, Justice on the Grass , award-winning writer Dina Temple-Raston investigates the events leading to the genocide and how Rwanda has fared in the aftermath. She also details the United Nations' trial of three Rwandan journalists charged with inciting the murder of Tutsis." DT450.435 .T47 2005
Source: Donahue, Deirdre. "Rwanda's Horror Revisited." USA Today April 14, 2005.
Rittner, Carol, Editor. Will Genocide Ever End? St. Paul, MN: Paragon House, 2002.
"''Will Genocide Ever End?' is a valuable primer in the terrible and persistent problem of genocide in human society. The contributors shed their academic garb and intellectual jargon to share plainly what they know about the causes, perpetration, and prevention of genocide." HV6322.7 .W545 2002
Wilshire, Bruce W. Get ’em All! Kill ’em!: Genocide, Terrorism, Righteous Communities. Lanham, MD: Lexington
"Genocide is one of the deepest problems for human thought. What we discover in genocide is the omnipresent negativity of every human aspiration. What we learn in thinking about genocide is that human culture is a fragile veneer that hovers over the abyss of cruelty." HV6322.7 .W55 2005
Source: Fiala, Andrew. "Get 'Em All! Kill 'Em! Genocide, Terrorism, Righteous Communities." Journal of Speculative Philosophy 19(4) p262-265 2005.
Wrong, Michela. "I Didn’t Do it for You": How the World Betrayed a Small
African Nation. New York : Harper Perennial, 2006.
"A near-lethal combination of colonialism, Cold War bluster, war and disastrous decision-making has pushed Eritrea, perched atop Ethiopia, to the precipice of history." DT397 .W76 2006
Source: "'I Didn't do it for You': How the World Betrayed a Small African Nation." Kirkus Reviews 73(7) p410 April 1, 2005.
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