For print sources like books, magazines, scholarly journal articles, and newspapers, provide a signal word or phrase (usually the author’s last name) and a page number. If you provide the signal word/phrase in the sentence, you do not need to include it in the parenthetical citation.
These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry on the Works Cited page:
Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. University of California Press, 1966.
Note: The examples here do not apply to articles retrieved from online library databases, such as JSTOR and MLA International Bibliography.
To cite an entire web site, include:
Author or compiler name (if available). Name of site. Name of institution or organization affiliated with the site
(sponsor or publisher), date of site creation (if available), URL, DOI, or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).
Victorian Women Writers Project. Indiana University, https://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/ vwwp/welcome.do;jsessionid
=EF6E5C7368B07CAAAF93A4509B363499. Accessed 23 October 2020.
To cite a page on a web site, include:
Author (if available). "Name of page." Name of site, Date of page creation (if available), URL. Date of access
"Mahogany L. Browne." Poets.org, https://poets.org/poet/mahogany-l-browne. Accessed 26 October 2020.
Video and audio sources need to be documented using the same basic guidelines for citing print sources in MLA style. Include as much descriptive information as necessary to help readers understand the type and nature of the source you are citing. If the author’s name is the same as the uploader, only cite the author once. If the author is different from the uploader, cite the author’s name before the title.
McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube, uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E.
“8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.” YouTube, uploaded by Crazy Russian Hacker, 6 June 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBlpjSEtELs.
Citation information from the Purdue OWL
Article citations consist of the basic form:
Author's last name, first name. "Title of the article." Publication information.
Publication information usually consists of the journal title in italics, the volume and issue number, the year of publication, the page numbers, and a period. If the article is retrieved online, the 8th edition of the MLA Style Manual dictates including the location from which the article was retrieved, followed by a period. For example:
Monk, Craig. "The Political F. Scott Fitzgerald: Liberal Illusion and Disillusion in This Side of Paradise and The Beautiful and Damned." American Studies International, vol. 33, no. 2, 1995, pp. 60-70. EBSCOhost, https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,shib&db=mzh&AN=1997060111&site=ehost-live&scope=site&custid=gsu1.
Book citations consist of the basic form:
Author's last name, first name. Title of the book. Publication information.
The publication information typically includes the publisher name, and the year of publication. If the work is an e-book, the 8th edition of the MLA Style Manual dictates including the database from which the book was retrieved, followed by a period. For example:
Zauditu-Selassie, K. African Spiritual Traditions in the Novels of Toni Morrison. UP of Florida, 2009.
Cite book chapters and essays in books as follows:
Careri, Elisabetta."Home, Streets, Nature: Esperanza's Itineraries in Sandra
Cisneros' The House on Mango Street." Landscapes of Writing in Chicano Literature, edited by Imelda Martín-Junquera, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, pp. 13-22.