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Topics for Exploration in Part Five
Racism: Being ideal
Robert D. Hinshelwood - Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy (June 2006) 'Race' is both an empty category and one of the most destructive and powerful forms of social categorization. How is this paradox to be explained and how are its negative consequences for human lives to be resisted? (Rustin 1991 : 57) The way social categories are used is a social phenomenon. However, in considering race as one example of these destructive forms of stereotyping, I shall argue that the organization of the individual mind is a basis on which the organization of social categories necessarily depends. I shall detail the model of racism which Freud hinted at, and then use racism as one example of the destructive and narcissistic form of stereotyping.
Look, but don't touch: Narcissist behavior and the conservation of ambivalence
David Fourie - International Journal of Personal Construct Psychology (2010) Traditionally narcissist behavior was considered to reflect an individual intrapsychic disturbance. However, recent research showed the necessity to account for social circumstances in the conceptualization of narcissist behavior..This showed that, at both individual and family levels, narcissist behavior can be seen to serve in an ambivalent way ('look, but don’t touch') to conserve an image of being exceptional and superior; simultaneously, it keeps others at a distance so as not to tarnish this image.
Racial ideology as elite discourse: Nordicism and the visual in an age of mass culture
Christopher Hutton - Social Semiotics (June 2017) Nordicism promoted a particular racial-bodily aesthetic, that of the tall, blond, blue-eyed individual, and promoted the view that the Nordic race was responsible for all the major achievements of humanity. However, modern “scientific” race theory recognized that there were no pure races, and few racially pure individuals. This complicated the presentation of racial ideas in the public sphere. In inter-war Germany and during the Nazi period, racial imagery played a crucial role in mediating between academic race theory and popular racial propaganda, between racial elitism and political populism.
Scandinavians in Chicago (eBook) (2018) by
Scandinavian immigrants encountered a strange paradox in 1890s Chicago. Though undoubtedly foreign, these newcomers were seen as Nordics--the "race" proclaimed by the scientific racism of the era as the very embodiment of white superiority. As such, Scandinavians from the beginning enjoyed racial privilege and the success it brought without the prejudice, nativism, and stereotyping endured by other immigrant groups.
Notion of Forgiveness and Race
"But, I Forgive You?": Mother Emanuel, Black Pain and the Rhetoric of Forgiveness
Andre E. Johnson and Earle J Fisher - Journal of Communication & Religion (Spring 2019) On June 17, 2015, white supremacist Dylann Roof walked into Mother Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) in Charleston, South Carolina, with a .45 caliber Glock handgun while members conducted their Wednesday night bible study. After sitting through the mid-week bible study, near the close of the meeting and after praying with them, Roof shot and killed nine people who became known as the Emanuel Nine. Black pain again was on full display in the media and so were calls for forgiveness. In this essay, we examine the rhetoric of forgiveness and how forgiveness, as a trope, performs in public when expressed through black pain.
Topics for Exploration in Part Five
White Action Against Racism
The role of white people in the fight against racism
Denise Carreira - Sur: International Journal on Human Rights (Dec 2018) This article proposes the need for better engagement of white people and institutions committed to the promotion, advocacy, and guarantee of human rights in the battle against racism. It addresses some of the obstacles, challenges, and possibilities involved in this confiktive construction, especially regarding critical thought and in the process of deconstruction of whiteness as a place where subjective and symbolic material privileges in society are maintained and based on racism.
Black and Brown People have been protesting for centuries. It's white people who are responsible for what happens next
Savala Trepczynski - Time (6/1/2020) As protests spread across America, it's time for white people to look and listen and learn how to fight for racial justice
What Can I Do As a White Person?
To fight racism, white people must face and dismantle their privilege. Antiracism requires continued commitment to dismantling white supremacy within oneself, families, workplaces, communities, and culture.
Bandwidth Recovery (eBook) (2017) by
This book argues that the cognitive resources for learning of over half our young people have been diminished by the negative effects of economic insecurity, discrimination and hostility against non-majority groups based on race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or gender identity, and other aspects of difference.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Racial Trauma
US Dept of Veterans Affairs' National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD Research Quarterly (2021)
Scientists start to tease out the subtler ways racism hurts health
Rae Ellen Bichell - NPR Weekend Edition Saturday (2017) What does the repeated experience of discrimination actually do to your body? And could such experiences be partially responsible for health disparities that exist among different groups in America?
Science suggests systemic racism causes stress, increases disease within Black, Brown communities
Shalina Chatlani - KPBS (7/6/2020) National data show Black and brown communities are being hit the hardest by the coronavirus pandemic. The Centers for Disease Control shows in June 2020 data that for age-adjusted populations, non-Hispanic Blacks are about five times more likely than non-Hispanic whites to be hospitalized due to coronavirus."There are certain stressors that are more frequent in ethnic, racial minority populations, for example poverty," Thames said. "Then there’s a type of stresser that’s different, and that’s stress that’s directly tied to your race. It's always in the air, if you will."
Racism has a physical impact on the body – here’s how
Nina Jablobski - The Conversation (1/31/2021) Racism affects health and often leads to early death. We now know in greater and more disturbing detail how this occurs. It kills directly and abruptly when people are murdered by police or vigilantes, but it also kills through disease. COVID-19 is new, but diseases common to the survival zones of the urban poor have been with us for a long time. It was only a century ago that the bone disease rickets was so common among African American children of eastern US cities that it was considered a rite of passage.
Racial Discrimination and Customer Service
Racism in Customer Service
Alexandra C. Feldberg and Tami Kim - Behavioral Scientist (4/30/2018) To date, researchers have primarily focused on discrimination as a binary outcome (e.g., whether to call applicants back in hiring or not, whether to rent out one’s home or not). But customer service is complex and nuanced, transcending someone’s willingness to render service.
Racialized Customer Service in Restaurants: A Quantitative Assessment of the Statistical Discrimination Explanatory Framework
Zachary W. Brewster - Sociological Inquiry (2018) Despite popular claims that racism and discrimination are no longer salient issues in contemporary society, racial minorities continue to experience disparate treatment in everyday public interactions. The context of full‐service restaurants is one such public setting wherein racial minority patrons, African Americans in particular, encounter racial prejudices and discriminate treatment.
Discrimination, racial bias, and telomere length in African-American men
David H. Chae, et al. - American Journal of Preventative Medicine (Feb 2014) Purpose of study: To test whether the combination of more frequent reports of racial discrimination and holding a greater implicit anti-black racial bias is associated with shorter LTL among African-American men.
Can Telomeres Shed Light on Racial Disparities in Aging?
Beth Newcomb - USC Leonard School of Gerontology (1/15/2017) Surprising race- and gender-based differences in telomeres—the chains of repeating molecules that protect the ends of chromosomes from damage—show that the structures’ relationship to age and health outcomes is more complex than originally thought, according to a USC-led study.
Sources Discussed In Text
Jailed for Arriving Late to Jury Duty
Charleston Church Massacre
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