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Learning for Justice (n.d.) Psychologists at Harvard, the University of Virginia and the University of Washington created "Project Implicit" to develop Hidden Bias Tests—called Implicit Association Tests, or IATs, in the academic world—to measure unconscious bias.
Makada Henry-Nickie and John Hudak - Brookings Institute (3/23/2020) The national conversation on cannabis stands at a pivotal inflection point that provides policymakers and legislators with an extraordinary opportunity to establish a policy context wherein inclusive economic opportunities can thrive in tandem with responsible investments to redress longstanding harms.
Maya Rahwanji - Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business (2019) It is without doubt that this new industry is profitable and creates many job opportunities, but the first question we must ask is whether this new and booming industry is profitable and accessible to everyone. Unfortunately, the answer to that question is no.
Cynthia Lum (September 2010) This document is a research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice. This report has not been published by the Department. Opinions or points of view expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Alexa Schindel and Sara Tolbert - Rethinking Schools (Fall 2016) The article describes the experience of designing a lesson that allow pre-service elementary teachers at the University at Buffalo to question how racialized public discourse about the Ebola virus.
Victor Daniel - New York Times (5/13/2018) What makes the police encounters chilling is how routine they are. They happen while black people are going about their everyday lives, only to be interrupted by someone calling the police for the thinnest of suspicions. In the past month, more than a handful of such interactions have attracted widespread attention on social media -- and, in turn, in national outlets like The Times, CNN and The Washington Post.
Jarret Bencks - BrandeisNow (7/21/2014) Though often overshadowed by World War II, the African-American experience in World War I was a transformative moment in black history, says Chad Williams, chair of the Department of African and African American Studies at Brandeis University.
David Roza - Task & Force (3/11/2020) The story of the 369th, also known as The Harlem Hellfighters, and of the larger African-American experience in WWI, is the subject of an exhibit called “We Return Fighting,” which is currently on display at the National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) in Washington D.C.
The Opportunity Agenda - When They See Us: Improving the Media’s Coverage of Black Men and Boys (2019) This memo is intended to help journalists and media organizations produce fuller and more accurate reporting on African-American boys and men while reducing bias and stereotyping in their coverage. It is designed to inform coverage around the release of the new film, When They See Us, and the 30th Anniversary of the Central Park Five case in 1989.
Dr. Travis L. Dixon - Color of Change (January 2018) This study involved a systematic content analysis of a recent two-year sample of cable and network news shows, national and local newspaper articles, and online opinion site content. The findings of the study indicate that news and opinion media do, in fact, perpetuate inaccurate representations of Black families across several different areas of coverage.
Mari Castañeda - Challenging Inequalities: Readings in Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration (2018)The author examines why racial and ethnic stereotypes in the media matter and their implications. It does so through four sections as an effort to clearly articulate media’s importance even as digital technologies promise to upend the status quo. Includes the ways in which media representations and misrepresentations have the power to incite cognitive and social impact, discusses the most dominant ethnic and racial stereotypes in the media,how media representations justify racial inequality and discrimination, and the different ways organizations, activists, and young people are working to change the circulation of narratives.
National Museum of African American History and Culture (n.d.) Explore the contributions of athletes, both on and off the field. Some athletes have been symbolic figures of black ability, while others have taken their activism beyond the court to the courtroom, boardroom and the newsroom.
Erin C. Traver - Critical Philosophy of Race (2016) The usage of Native American mascots is racist not only because it involves stereotypical portrayals of Native Americans, but (more specifically) because it treats Native persons simply as a means to symbolic unification—and not, importantly, as members of the community they thus serve. In other words, in these cases mascots work as unifying signifiers precisely by being the purely instrumental facilitator of a group's collective fantasy of itself.
National Baseball Hall of Fame (n.d.) A snapshot of any point in time of America’s last 150 years includes the fabric of baseball. And often, baseball was at the forefront of cultural change. “Jackie Robinson made my success possible,” said Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. “Without him, I would never have been able to do what I did.” The magnitude of those words cannot be overstated. Dr. King’s lasting work as a Civil Rights pioneer touched all areas of the American experience, yet he credited a baseball player with making his dream viable.
These essays critically examine the issue of race in college and professional sports, beginning with the effects of stereotypes on black female college athletes, and the self-handicapping of black male college athletes. Also discussed is the movement of colleges between NCAA designated conferences, and the economic impact and effects on academics for blacks.
Boehner now on board of Acreage Holdings, a publicly-traded cannabis company based in New York. Article speaks to Wilkerson's assertion that businessmen are making money on product African-Americans are jailed for in inordinate numbers.
Jason Breslow - NPR (03/16/2019)