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Resources for Pillar 6: Dehumanization and Stigma
We're still dehumanizing others
Tanvi Misra - Bloomberg CityLab (9/9/2015) New research finds that seeing certain racial groups as less human isn’t a thing of the past.
Cautions about medicalized dehumanization
Alexandra Minna Stern, PhD - AMA Journal of Ethics (Jan 2021) Critical lessons can be gleaned by examining 2 of the most salient relationships between racism and medicine during the Holocaust: (1) connections between racism and dehumanization that have immediate, lethal, deleterious, longer-term consequences and (2) intersections of racism and other forms of hatred and bigotry, including discrimination against people with disabilities; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer people; and social and religious minorities. When considered in the US context, these lessons amplify need for reflection about the history of eugenics and human experimentation and about the persistence of racism and ableism in health care.
Secret World War II Chemical Experiments Tested Troops By Race
Investigative article on medically unethical testing of mustard gas on U.S. troops.
Caitlin Dickerson - NPR (06/22/2015)
Black lives continually demeaned, devalued, dehumanized
Elwood Watson - Diverse Issues in Higher Education (4/24/2018) The cold, hard truth is that to be Black in America is to frequently endure an ongoing state of assaults and insults. White denial has long historical roots. The inability of White people to hear Black reality. In some cases, it is the outright refusal to acknowledge such racial, economic and other related disparities. We have seen such denial manifest itself in the often-hostile commentary that graces the comment sections, Twitter feeds and Facebook pages of many Whites who refuse to accept the fact that maybe, just maybe, they are in the dark about the many stark realities that face a disproportionate segment of the Black populace in our nation.
George Romero’s zombies will make Americans reflect on racial violence long after his death
Erin C. Cassese - The Conversation (7/26/2017) George Romero’s first film, “Night of the Living Dead,” iwas groundbreaking in its use of horror as political critique. Half a century later, Romero’s films are still in conversation with racial politics in the United States, and Romero’s recent death calls for reflection on his legacy as a filmmaker.
Dehumanisation, superhumanisation and racism
Dr. Zuleyka Zevallos - The Other Sociologist (2/7/2015)
Dehumanisation, Superhumanisation and Racism
Dehumanisation, Superhumanisation and Racism
Dehumanisation and “super-humanisation” are two sides of the same coin serving a racist agenda. Research finds that White people have a tendency to see Black people as being stronger and therefore more able to withstand pain. These two twin processes, that place Black people outside of humanity, are steeped in colonial practices and they contribute to excessive policing and violence aimed at Black bodies. There are implications of dehumanisation and super-humanisation on the ongoing events in Ferguson. This social science research speaks to the issues raised by the #BlackLivesMatter movement.
The danger of dehumanizing others
Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau, Adam Waytz and Sarah Cotterill - KelloggInsight at Kellogg School of Mgmt at Northwestern University (12/8/2015) People who think other groups are less evolved are more likely to support retaliation against them.
Why it’s so significant Virginia just abolished the death penalty
Madeleine Carlisle - Time (03/2021) At the state level, the abolition of Virginia’s death penalty signifies the state’s shifting politics; at the national level, it illustrates how unpopular capital punishment is becoming with the American public—despite the Trump administration’s spree of executions last year. And advocates argue Virginia could be a bellwether of more changes to come.
African Dodger / Coon Dip Game
Popeye Cartoon with African Dodger Game (3:57min mark)
Cartoon was banned for brief nudity of (brown skinned Josephine Baker version) Betty Boop; NOT for African Dodger scene.
Sources Discussed In Text
Medical Apartheid (eBook) (2008) by
"Medical Apartheid" is the first and only comprehensive history of medical experimentation on African Americans. both slaves and freedmen were used in hospitals for experiments conducted without their consent. It reveals how blacks have historically been prey to grave-robbing as well as unauthorized autopsies and dissections. Moving into the twentieth century, it shows how the pseudoscience of eugenics and social Darwinism was used to justify experimental exploitation and shoddy medical treatment of blacks, and the view that they were biologically inferior, oversexed, and unfit for adult responsibilities. It provides the fullest possible context for comprehending the behavioral fallout that has caused black Americans to view researchers--and indeed the whole medical establishment--with such deep distrust.
Marion Sims, "Father" of Modern Gynecology