Empirical vs. Non-Empirical Scholarly Articles Tutorial
Tutorial on strategies for discerning whether a scholarly article is EMPIRICAL or not:
POLL - Which is Empirical Research?
Here are two article records found in the Sociological Abstracts database - Which one is EMPIRICAL RESEARCH?
Gender and Health Inequality
Ghazal Read, Jen'nan; Gorman, Bridget K.
Annual Review of Sociology 36 (2010): 371-386.
review synthesizes gender differences in U.S. health and systematically
examines the attention that gender has received in the sociological
literature on health disparities over the past three decades. Its goal
is to map where we have been in order to identify new directions for
sociological research. We begin by summarizing major differences in U.S.
men's and women's health and by reviewing explanations for observed
differences. We then assess the basis for this knowledge, namely
publications in major sociology journals and funding by major granting
agencies, focusing on both the quantity and substantive content of this
work. We couch the discussion in the broader framework of the analysis
of gender in sociology and conclude with promising avenues for future
Gender Differences in Sleep Disruption among Retail Food Workers
Maume, David J; Bardo, Anthony R; Sebastian, Rachel A.
American Sociological Review 74.6 (Dec 2009): 989-1007.
women pursue careers while retaining primary responsibility for family
life, discretionary time is an emerging arena of gender inequality in
contemporary life. This study examines gender inequality in waking role
obligations and the implications for differences in sleep disruption.
Drawing on a sample of 583 retail food workers, who regularly worked
nights and rotating schedules, we find in our multivariate modeling that
women experience significantly more sleep disruption than do men. A
decomposition analysis shows that almost one-half of the gender gap in
sleep disruption is accounted for by gender differences in health status
and various dimensions of work-family context. By implication, the
remainder of the gender gap in sleep disruption is attributable to
differences in responsibility for work-family obligations. Given the
need for more research on how work-family conflict affects health and
well-being, further research on sleep patterns is warranted.
ARTICLE 1 is an empirical research article: 5 votes (10.87%)
ARTICLE 2 is an empirical research article: 40 votes (86.96%)
BOTH are empirical research articles: 1 votes (2.17%)
NEITHER are empirical research articles: 0 votes (0%)
What is the difference between "primary" and "secondary" data?
Primary data is data a researcher has collected him/herself to address his/her specific research questions via empirical analysis.
Secondary data is existing data that was collected by researchers, and is then made available to OTHER researchers for use in addressing their own research questions - so, even though the other researchers didn't collect the data themselves, they are still using the data for their own original research, and are thus doing empirical analysis.