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NURS 2040 Conceptual Foundations of Nursing and Trends: Find & Evaluate Sources

Conceptual Foundations of Nursing and Trends


Books can be intensely helful with assignments like this one. If you can find one book on your nurse theorist, it will be invaluable in finding information on various aspects of your nurse's life and theories.

To see if we own any books on your nurse, visit our catalog, GILFind, and type your nurse's name in to the search box. If you fail to retrieve any results, check to make sure your spelling is correct and that there are no commonly used variations of the name. The library does not own a book on every nurse theorist. If you don't find anything and would like help to be sure, contact Sarah for assistance.

Also, a few reference books (which include brief essays on many different nurses) are linked below. The information on your nurse will be  but you should also search the GILFind catalog to see if the library owns a book that focuses on your nurse.

Scholarly Articles

Scholarly articles, which are pre-paid for by the University Library, are also a good source of information. Try searching both with your nurse's name AND with the name of his/her theories. You can find these scholarly articles in the library's databases. If you're off campus, you'll have to log in with your Campus ID and password.

If you get too many results or your results are off-topic, narrow the search using additional keywords, date limiters, format limiters, or a variety of other limits.

Reputable Websites

The open web is home to a lot of great information and a lot of misinformation. When reviewing sites, consider their Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose/Objectivity. Click here to view a list of questions that cover each of these five areas.

  • Currency: The timeliness of the information. This matters less in cases like this, where the figures are historical.
  • Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs. If the content isn't on target, it's not the right site for you.
  • Authority: The source of the information. Is it from a university or respected medical or historical authority?
  • Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content. Check for citations, and verify that information is accurate.
  • Purpose/Objectivity: The presence of bias or prejudice/The reason the information exists. Is the host trying to sell or convince you of something? If so, avoid that site.

The CRAAP test was developed by Meriam Library, California State University, Chico

How Can You Tell If the Nurse's Theory is Still Relevant Today?

A good way to tell if your nurse's theory is still relevant is to check the scholarly and reputable literature for current references to it. Try searching CINAHL, PubMed, or Academic Search Complete with the name of the theory, and use the date limitation option to look for articles that have been published in the last five or ten years.

You can also search the internet for recent references to the theory. Be sure to use the website evaluation criteria explained in the box above this one.

Subject Guide

Laura Carscaddon's picture
Laura Carscaddon
Library South 542 (Subject Librarian suite)

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