Skip to main content

SPSS: Summary Statistics

What are Summary Statistics?

Summary Statistics, often referred to as descriptive statistics, are statistical analysis that examine factors about a single variable.

Common summary statistics are the mean, standard deviation, minimum, and maximum. 

Note: For this example, General Social Survey 2016 data (located on "About SPSS" tab) is used to produce the summary statistics on respondent age.

Steps to Summary Statistics: Point and Click

1. Go to Analyze > Descriptive Statistics > Frequencies 

4. Find and click on the variable(s) you want to run a frequency distribution on. 

5. Either click the over arrow OR hit Enter 

6. Click on Statistics.

Within the window of Frequencies:Statistics select the statistics you would like run. Common statistics run include Central Tendency Mean, Median, and Mode, Percentiles Values Quartiles, Dispersion of Std. deviation, Variance, Range, Minimum, and Maximum.

Click Continue.

Steps to Summary Statistics: Code

1. On the Syntax page type in the following code

FREQUENCIES VARIABLES=variable_name
  /NTILES=4
  /STATISTICS=statistical_tests_you_want_to_run
  /ORDER=ANALYSIS.

Example:

FREQUENCIES VARIABLES=sex
  /NTILES=4
  /STATISTICS=STDDEV VARIANCE RANGE MINIMUM MAXIMUM MEAN MEDIAN MODE
  /ORDER=ANALYSIS.

2. Highlight the code you want to run and then hit the Green Play Button