Most academic work draws upon the works of others; therefore, citing your sources is an important part of the scholarly writing process.
Citations include the key elements that allow your sources to be identified and located. These elements vary depending upon the type of resource.
There are several reasons to cite your sources:
The specific format of your citations will depend upon the documentation style you are using. Different disciplines use different styles - check with your professor if you are unsure of which one to use.
Commonly used styles include APA, MLA, Chicago, and Turabian. Each of these has an official style guide. These manuals contain detailed examples on citing a wide variety of sources. In addition, they contain information about proper formating such as margin and font size.
For most styles, you cite your sources in two places:
1) Within your paper - Immediately after using a source, include a parenthetical citation, footnote or endnote.
2) At the end of your paper - Assemble a complete list of your sources. This is knows as a "Bibliography," "Reference List" or "Works Cited" section.
A citation describes a source by presenting information about that source (book, article, web page, etc.) in a standard format. It tells:
Article Citation Example
Book Citation Example
Book Chapter Citation Example
For other styles used at GSU, see the guide:
This work was created and licensed by Georgia State University Library under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 United States License
You may reproduce any part of it for noncommercial purposes as long as credit is included. We encourage you to license your derivative works under Creative Commons as well to encourage sharing and reuse of educational materials.