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HON 1000: ‘Going Steady?’: Documenting the History of Dating in American Culture, 1940-1990 (Anderson/Fall 2016)

Why cite?

Citing your sources is an important part of the scholarly writing process. Citations include the key elements that allow your sources to be identified and located - author, title, date, etc. The actual format of the citation depends on the resource type as well as the documentation style you are using.

There are several reasons to cite:

  • Give proper credit to the ideas, words, and works of others you use in your research
  • Allow readers to find your sources - so they can determine if they are reliable, better evaluate your argument, and locate additional information
  • Avoid plagiarism

Citation Styles for Class: Chicago Manual of Style

Historians generally use the Chicago Manual of Style or its derivative, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (commonly known as Turabian, after its author). Though not identical, the two styles are very similar.

Always check with your instructor to find out which citation style he or she wants you to use.

We will be using the Chicago Manual of Style.

The library provides access to the Chicago Manual of Style Online
for GSU students/faculty/staff.

The Purdue OWL site is also a good resource for Chicago Manual of Style citing information. 

Hard copies of the Chicago Manual of Style are also available at the Research Support Desk on Library North 1.

Building Blocks of a Reference

      The basic components of a reference are, in this general order:

  • Author
  • Title (for an article, the article title comes first, followed by journal title)
  • Publication information (publisher location/name)
  • Date
  • Page numbers (where applicable)
  • Online access information (where applicable)

Creative Commons licensed image by Flickr user Holger Zscheyge

Citation Basics: Footnotes and Endnotes

Citations include key elements that allow sources to be identified and located. These elements vary depending upon the type of resource.

Standard Chicago Manual of Style formats for basic cited items in
FOOTNOTES / ENDNOTES:

BOOK

First and Last Name of Author, Book Title: Subtitle (Where Published: Name of Publisher, Year), page numbers.

BOOK CHAPTER

First and Last Name of Author, "Chapter Title," in Book Title: Subtitle, ed. by First and Last Name (Where Published: Name of Publisher, Year), page numbers.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

First and Last Name of Author [only if known], "Article Title" Journal Name Volume Number, Issue Number (Month Year): page numbers, URL [if available electronically].

MAGAZINE ARTICLE

First and Last Name of Author [only if known], "Article Title," Magazine Name, Month Day, Year, page number.

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE

First and Last Name of Author [only if known], "Article Title," Newspaper Name, Month Day, Year.

FILM/TELEVISION (DVD or VIDEOCASSETTE)

First and Last Name of Author(s) [only if known], "Episode Title [if relevant]," Film Title, directed by Name of Director (Original Date of Release; Where DVD/Videocassette Published: DVD Release Company, Date of DVD/Videocassette Release), Format [DVD or VIdeocassette]. 

ONLINE VIDEO

Complicated! See Chicago Manual of Style Online's explanation here (use Campus ID and password to access).

For more examples, see the online Chicago Manual of Style Online
and/or the Purdue OWL's Chicago Style page.

Or consult the hard copy Chicago Manual of Style.

Citation Basics: Bibliography

Standard Chicago Manual of Style formats for basic cited items in a
BIBLIOGRAPHY:

BOOK

Last Name, First Name. Book Title: Subtitle. Where Published: Name of Publisher, Year.

BOOK CHAPTER

Last Name, First Name. "Chapter Title." In Book Title: Subtitle, page numbers. Edited by First and Last Name. Where Published: Name of Publisher, Year.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Journal Name Volume Number, Issue Number (Month Year): page numbers, URL [if available electronically].

MAGAZINE ARTICLE

Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Magazine Name. Month Day, Year, page numbers.

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE

Last Name, First Name [only if known]. "Article Title." Newspaper Name, Month Day, Year.

FILM/TELEVISION (DVD or VIDEOCASSETTE)

Last Name, First Name of Author(s) [only if known]. "Episode Title [if relevant]," Film Title. Directed by Name of Director. Original Date of Release; Where DVD Published: DVD Release Company, Date of DVD Release. Format [i.e. DVD or Videocassette].

ONLINE VIDEO

Complicated! See Chicago Manual of Style Online's explanation here (use Campus ID and password to access).

How to Cite: By Source Type

Quick links showing how to cite various source types.

These links will show you what kinds of information need to included in a citation for the citation to be complete.