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HON 3260: Women & Underrepresented Minorities in Science: Retention/


Lien, T. (February 22, 2015). Why are women leaving the tech industry in droves? Los Angeles Times Online. 

Fleur, N. S. (2014). Many women leave engineering, blame the work culture. NPR: All Tech Considered.

Hunt, J. (2010). Why do women leave science and engineering? NBER Working Paper No. 15853, National Bureau of Economic Research.

O’Brien, K. R., & Hapgood, K. P. (2012). The academic jungle: Ecosystem modelling reveals why women are driven out of research. Oikos, 121(7), 999–1004. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20601.x

Glass, J. L., Sassler, S., Levitte, Y., & Michelmore, K. M. (2013). What’s so special about STEM? A comparison of women’s retention in STEM and professional occupations. Social Forces, 92(2), 723-756.

Fouad, N., Romila, S., Fitzpatrick, M. E., & Liu, J. P. (2012). Stemming the tide: Why women leave engineering. University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee.

Buse, K., Bilimoria, D., & Perelli, S. (1996). Why they stay: Women persisting in U.S. engineering careers. Career Development International, 18(2), 139-154. doi:

Wyer, M. (2003). Intending to stay: Images of scientists, attitudes towards women, and gender as influences on persistence among science and engineering majors. Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 9(1), 1-16.



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NASA, 1975

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