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RSCH 1203 Tutorial Short

Welcome to the Tutorial for RSCH1203

How to Use this Research Tutorial for RSCH 1203

Work through the tabs at the top, reading or viewing the material in each box on a page.

A quiz at the end lets you check for understanding AND the results will be reviewed by your instructor to verify that you have successfully completed the tutorial.

Search Strategies: How to Formulate Your Search

After defining your topic, break your research question into keywords (2 or 3 of the most important words about your topic).

Use Boolean operators to tell the database whether you want to find all the words, any of the words, or if you want to exclude a word from your results. Boolean operators are specific words that connect your search words together to either narrow or broaden your set of results.

Boolean operators include AND, OR, and NOT.


  AND helps you narrow your search so that all the words you list must be included in each of the search results. Choose your best keywords, then link them together with AND.  This makes your result list smaller and more specific. Examples: school AND crime,  dyslexia AND treatment


OR broadens a search to include any single one of your terms in the search results. OR is best used for synonyms or similar words. Using OR will increase the number of results. Use OR between keywords that are synonyms or have similar meanings. Examples: women OR females,  baby OR infant


NOT eliminates unwanted search terms by excluding words from your search results. Using NOT will decrease the number of results. The best use of NOT is when you are searching for a keyword that may have multiple meanings or when a word can be used in different contexts.
Examples:  bat NOT baseball,  orange NOT color.